PSYCHOMOTRICITY IN PRE-PRIMARY EDUCATION

We understand playing games and moving as pleasure and basic need because it’s the natural way of learning and know the world around us. Psychomotricity support and games at school are quite important. They are essential tools for children, where they feel closely interested and free.

Psychomotricity in Pre-Primary Education is done in English taking in account time, elements and available areas. Lessons have different moments:

1) Introduction routine: the first part of the lesson consists of a magic box with objects, which introduces the children the main place (psychomotricity room). First, the students sit down in a circle to sing songs connected to the objects in the magic box. The main protagonist is a bell which shows when an activity starts or finishes. During this first part, we also wake the students’ bodies up, ‘wake up your body’, using different, fast games or dancing songs in order to warm up and get ready for the next lesson part. Finally, we explain what it’s going to be done in the lesson and activities planned.

2) The activity or main lesson part: from the introduction, we play a variety of games: motor-sensorial, impulse games and symbolic games. The motor-sensorial exercises activate the labyrinthine system and stimulate the balance muscles (activities such as jumping, fall, running, rocking, spinning...). The impulse games give the children the chance to enjoy the action on a symbolic place and canalize the aggressive energy typical in humans (impulse activities, wall, towers, objects destruction...). The symbolic proposals give the kids an opportunity to identify themselves in order to play as if I were... In this way, they can express themselves freely and can transform the world from their own fantasy.

The learning area organization is done taking in account the kind of stuff, different playing zones, mixing hard and soft material, fixed, movable and adjustable stuff, small and big, figurative and non-figurative...  All these elements make the psychomotricity room a place where the children can jump, fall, climb, maintain balance, roll, send rolling, swing... and develop a symbolic language based on the natural movement pleasure.

3) Conclusion routine: relaxing moment and back to calm, time to relax, where the students lie down on a mattress and they listen to quiet music. They’re sometimes given a piece of paper to draw the way they felt during the psychomotricity lesson.